KUALA LUMPUR, Dec 29 (Bernama)– The climate changes and high-moisture waste are the factors that made garbage disposal dumps the sole method for efficient garbage disposal in the country.
The other method, the incinerator like that used in Langkawi is unable to meet the disposal of more than 19,000 tonnes of garbage generated daily by the nation, apart from consuming a lot of power.
The cost for constructing an incinerator is also much higher when compared to that for constructing a garbage disposal dump. The former is also able to dispose garbage of much lesser amount.
The other factor is that the incinerator is not cost-effective when it comes to garbage disposal.A RM1.5 billion incinerator can only dispose up to 1,200 tonnes of garbage daily, but a sanitary garbage disposal dump built at the cost of RM120 million like that at Bukit Tagar is able to dispose more than 3,000 tonnes of garbage daily,” according to civil engineer MohdFatimi Said.
According to a source, the government will upgrade 30 of the 175 existing waste disposal dumps into sanitary facilities by the end of 2010. The move will not include the nine sanitary garbage disposal sites to be constructed.Among the locations marked for the construction of these sanitary garbage disposal dumps are Sungai Udang (Melaka, Lahat (Ipoh, Perak), Bukit Jembalang( Kemaman, Terengganu) and Ladang Tanah Merah (Negeri Sembilan).Plus the seven existing sanitary garbage disposal dumps, this will bring the number of such facilities nationwide by the end of the 9th Malaysia Plan (9MP) to 46, said the source.
For the Solid Waste Management and Public Cleansing Corporation (PPSPPA), the agency has initiated several measures to overcome the shortage of garbage dumpsites and existence of illegal dumps in the country.Among them is the implementation of solid waste management strategy based on ‘waste hierachy’ to reduce the volume of garbage sent to disposal sites, as practised in many developed nations.
Among the measures undertaken are the reduction of waste at the source at all premises, encouraging reuse and boosting the quality of items that can be recycled.It is learnt that the approach is taken as it did not involve provisions of the Solid Waste Management and Public Cleansing Act 2007 (Act 672).
The government has encouraged the private sector to invest in green technology in the effort to boost efficiency of more environmental-friendly energy usage towards facing the changes in the global climate.At the recent United nations Organisation Conference On Climate Changes in Copenhagen, Denmark (COP 15), Prime Minister Datuk Seri NajibTunRazak stated Malaysia’s commitment to cut the percentage of carbon dioxide emissions by 40 per cent by the year 2020 with assistance from the developed nations.
According to news reports, the government has carried out a pilot project on waste separation at source in Putrajaya with the aim of improving public awareness on recycling to reduce the volume of waste needed to be disposed.The joint-venture effort by the PPSPPA, Solid Waste Management Department, Putrajaya Corporation, Alam Flora and Konsortium SSI-Schaefer is aimed to reduce by 40 per cent the volume of garbage sent for disposal.
“The Solid Waste Management and Public Cleansing Act focuses on recycling and has a special allocation for separation of wastes at the source,” Housing and Local Government Minister Datuk Seri Kong Cho Ha was quoted as saying by the media.The pilot project that began last Aug 29 involved 170 apartments at Precint 8, 276 houses (Precint 9) and 105 houses (Precint 10) where each household was provided with two garbage bins of different types, one for organic waste and the other for non-organic waste that can be recycled.
This way, the respondent would be able to recycle and reduce the amount of rubbish sent to disposal sites and at the same time the organic waste can be turned into compost and used for other purposes.In other words, the separation of garbage at source will assist to lengthen the lifespan of a garbage disposal dump.
SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT CORPORATION
Chief Executive Officer of PPSPPA DatukZainiMd Nor said the corporation viewed the issue based in the overall context and not limited to collection of garbage and construction of dumps.He said the PPSPPA, established under Act 673 – the Solid Waste Management and Public Cleansing Corporation Act 2007, that began operations on June 1 2008 is responsble to monitor, supervise and enforce solid waste management and public cleansing in the country..
Among its roles is to enforce Act 672 and make improvisation recommendations whenever necessary.PPSPPA is also responsible to inculcate public awareness and encourage public participation for sustainable management of public waste and cleansing such as reduction in waste and lodging reports on illegal dumping..
The corporation is also responsible for new technology-related research, such as recycling technology, ‘waste to energy’ technology, and waste treatment facilitating technology.According to Zaini, in the short run the corporation would manage the implementation of closing non-operating garbage disposal dumps, upgrading and construction of new disposal sites as planned by the Solid Waste Management Department in 9MP.
“The corporation is the implementor of policies determined by the department”, he said.The PPSPPA also collaborated with the concessionaires to improve the garbage collection schedule that frequently received complaints from the public apart from providing feedback to the local authorities.The garbage collection issue should be dealt first before the public’s mentality on recycling is changed.
The corporation, with the staff count of 900 at 52 district and state offices nationwide, is optimistic towards implementing its responsibilities in making Malaydia a clean country as required by its vision.”To make the vision a success, we need the support of the society”, said Zaini, adding that PPSPPA is conducting a survey on public awareness for recycling that involved more than 45,000 respondents nationwide since last August.
“”The study is expected to be completed by end of this month. Through it, we will know the level of public awareness, problems and their suggestions in this issue”, said Zaini.